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Vol.68 (2022) >

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Title: Preoperative bacterial culture can predict severe pneumonia in patients receiving esophagectomy
Authors: Kaneta, Akinao
Sato, Takahiro
Nakano, Hiroshi
Matsumoto, Takuro
Tada, Takeshi
Watanabe, Yohei
Hanayama, Hiroyuki
Hayase, Suguru
Saze, Zenichiro
Kono, Koji
Affiliation: 消化管外科学講座
Source title: Fukushima Journal of Medical Science
Volume: 68
Issue: 2
Start page: 109
End page: 116
Issue Date: 2022
Abstract: Background: Postoperative pneumonia is one of the major complications after esophagectomy. The aim of this study was to determine whether bacterial cultures before esophagectomy could predict occurrence of postoperative pneumonia and help treatment strategies for postoperative pneumonia. Methods: Sixty-nine patients who underwent subtotal esophagectomy at Fukushima Medical University Hospital between January 2017 and May 2021 were included in this study. We collected sputum, oral, and/or nasopharyngeal swabs for bacterial culture preoperatively from all patients and from those who were suspected of postoperative pulmonary infections. We compared cultured pathogenic bacteria obtained preoperatively and postoperatively from patients who developed postoperative pneumonia, and investigated their association with incidence of postoperative pneumonia. Results: Postoperative pneumonia occurred in 22 of 69 patients (31%), including 13 cases of severe pneumonia with a Clavien-Dindo classification of grade IIIa or higher. Multivariate analysis revealed that longer operative duration (for 30 minutes increase;odds ratio 1.27, 95% CI 1.01-1.51, p=0.039) and positivity for preoperative bacterial culture (odds ratio 5.03, 95% CI 1.31-19.2, p=0.018) were independent risk factors for severe postoperative pneumonia, but not for all incidences of postoperative pneumonia. Of note, in only 5 of the 22 patients with pneumonia, the same pathogenic species were detected preoperatively and after the onset of pneumonia. Conclusions: Our results imply that preoperative bacterial culture may be useful to predict severe postoperative pneumonia. However, it may not be useful in determining pathogenic bacteria responsible for postoperative pneumonia.
Publisher: The Fukushima Society of Medical Science
Publisher (Alternative foam): 福島医学会
language: eng
URI: http://ir.fmu.ac.jp/dspace/handle/123456789/1873
Full text URL: http://ir.fmu.ac.jp/dspace/bitstream/123456789/1873/1/FksmJMedSci_68_p109.pdf
ISSN: 0016-2590
DOI: 10.5387/fms.2022-09
PubMed ID: 35934806
Related Page: https://doi.org/10.5387/fms.2022-09
Rights: © 2022 The Fukushima Society of Medical Science. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons [Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International] license.
Rights: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/
Appears in Collections:Vol.68 (2022)

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FksmJMedSci_68_p109.pdf458.94 kBAdobe PDFDownload

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